What are Microgreens?
Microgreen is considered as the tiny and fresh plants and despite their small size they are packed with a high level of nutrients. Microgreen are young and edible seedlings which are harvested before their maturation period which is 7 to 14 days after germination. These small plants are about 1 to 3 inches long and can make your meal highly nutritious.
Researchers found that microgreen plants which are harvested at an earlier stage contain high levels of vital nutrients when compared with their matured counterpart. For example if we look upon the Microgreen plant of red cabbage, it is proved to have 40 time’s higher Vitamin E content and 6 times higher Vitamin C content than the matured red cabbage plants.
What are the health benefits of Microgreens?
Nowadays, Microgreen plants are considered as super food. We can see that people are facing malnutrition and deficiency in vitamins and minerals not only in developing countries but also in developed countries. Consuming foods such as Microgreen plants would help these people to maintain a healthy lifestyle.
Let us see some of the health benefits of the microgreen which are long enough to convince people to consume them.
- Antioxidant Property
The antioxidant property of the food substance is determined by the presence of Polyphenols. They are one of the important phytochemical substances which are naturally found in food.
The main responsibility of antioxidants is to protect the cells from the damage caused by free radicals. These free radicals are considered as highly reactive substances. It is also proved that the polyphenols can lower the risk of chronic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer or Alzheimer’s diseases.
According to a study in 2013, microgreen vegetables of Brassica family such as red cabbage, purple kohlrabi, mizuna and red/purple mustard greens was proved to contain high level of polyphenol content.
- Rich in Nutritious content
Microgreen plants are small only in its size but the food is one of the nutrient dense one. They are fully packed with essential nutrients such as Vitamins, Minerals and other and promptly increase the nutrient level in the body.
According to a study result given in Journal of Agricultural and Food chemistry, it is considered that the microgreen are said to have about 4 to 40 fold times higher nutritious content than their matured counterparts. Hence, even the consumption of little amounts of food can increase the level of all over nutrient level and can maintain the optimal health.
- Decrease the risk of Heart diseases
High blood pressure is the key and sole reason to increase the risk of various heart diseases. Microgreens are proved to act against the high blood pressure level. This plant based microgreen food is said to be rich in fibre content and Vitamin K which can reduce the blood pressure.
- Anti-Cancer property
Microgreens are also proved to have anticancer properties. According to a study published in Journal Future of Oncology, a chemical compound Sulforaphane is present in the broccoli microgreen plant. They are said to detect the potential cancer stem cells.
- Improve the Eyesight
Generally consuming green plants can improve their eyesight. But when it comes to microgreen plants, it helps a lot. It consists of an important phytochemical component which helps in maintaining the health of eyesight and it is known as lutein.
According to Frontiers in Plant science’s research, the presence of lutein in the microgreen can prevent the migraine and headache by absorbing the excess light intensity.
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